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沧桑30年 CompuServe黯然关门

我也说几句2009年07月13日 12:52分         作者:CNW.com.cn      来源:网界网

摘要:作为ISP行业鼻祖的 CompuServe公司从7月1日起被其母公司AOL关闭,意味着CompuServe公司结束了其 30年的运作。

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AOL
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CompuServe


CompuServe closes after 30 years

The granddaddy of the ISP industry, CompuServe, has been closed down by its parent AOL as of 1 July, after 30 years in operation.

AOL closed it down on 30 June is urging remaining CompuServe Classic customers to move on to the company's surviving sub-brand ISP, CompuServe 2000, which continues to operate as usual. Users can convert their classic 9 and 10-digit email addresses to the CompuServe 2000 service.
CompuServe (or CIS) was originally founded way back in 1969 as Compu-Serv Network in Columbus, Ohio as a subsidiary of Golden United Life Insurance.

According to Wikipedia, its original remit was to provide in-house computer processing support to Golden United Life Insurance; and to develop as an independent business in the computer time-sharing industry, by renting time on its PDP-10 mid-range computers during business hours. It was spun off as a separate company in 1975.

It began offering electronic mail capabilities and technical support to commercial customers in 1978, and for many industry veterans it provided them with their first ever online experience. Undoubtedly, its golden years was during the 1980s (where it was used mostly to exchange files electronically) and the early years of the 1990s, where its email and moderated forums proved to be enormously popular with the PC crowd.

Indeed, by 1991, it claimed to have over a half a million users simultaneously online, and by 1995, it topped three million members, the largest online service provider at that time.

However, cracks started to appear when it began competing against newcomers such as AOL, which rapidly gained market share thanks to its intense marketing campaigns and by offering users a flat monthly rate instead of the per-hour online access charged by CompuServe.

AOL acquired CompuServe in 1997, and for a time the company was preserved as a separate service but was badly neglected by its parent company. As the world wide web grew in popularity, many organisations closed their CompuServe customer support forums and instead began offering customer support via their own websites.

And in an ironic twist, AOL is now itself facing an uncertain future as its subscription base has been steadily declining. In 2006 the UK ISP business of AOL was sold off to the Carphone Warehouse.

 

 

沧桑30年 CompuServe黯然关门

【CNW.COM.CN资讯】作为ISP行业鼻祖的 CompuServe公司从7月1日起被其母公司AOL关闭,意味着CompuServe公司结束了其 30年的运作。

AOL于6月30日关闭CompuServe公司这一举动促使其余的CompuServe Classic老顾客使用该公司的子品牌ISP如CompuServe 2000 ,它将一如既往地继续运营下去。用户可以将其classic 9和classic 10位的电子邮件地址转换为CompuServe 2000服务。CompuServe公司最初成立于1969年,是Golden United人寿保险公司的一个子公司。

据维基百科说,CompuServe公司原来是为Golden United人寿保险公司提供内部计算机处理支持,以后通过在营业时间出租PDP – 10中型机的运算时间,逐渐发展成一个经营计算机分时业务的独立企业。它在1975年被分拆出来成为一家独立的公司。

CompuServe公司从1978年开始向其商业客户提供电子邮件功能和技术支持,业内的许多老手通过它获得了第一次在线体验。毫无疑问,它的黄金时代是在上世纪80年代(大部分是用电子方式交换文档)和20世纪90年代初,此时电子邮件和论坛在电脑人群中非常受欢迎。

到1991年,CompuServe公司声称其同时在线用户超过50万,而到1995年,它的会员数已经突破300万,成为当时最大的在线服务供应商。

然而,当CompuServe开始与新的竞争对手如AOL竞争的时候,它受到重创。AOL通过密集的市场推广活动,并为用户提供包月而不是CompuServe的按小时收费方式(+本站微信networkworldweixin),迅速获得了市场份额。

AOL在1997年收购了CompuServe公司,但是在一个时期内该公司仍然作为一个独立的服务公司,并被其母公司严重忽视。随着万维网的成长和普及,许多机构关闭了CompuServe客户支持论坛,开始通过自己的网站提供客户支持。

具有讽刺意味的是,AOL现在也面临着一个不确定的未来,其用户群一直在稳步下降。

 

 

 

 

我也说几句责任编辑:文山   联系邮箱:wen_shan@cnw.com.cn
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